WSU Extension

Pestsense

Stinging and Biting
 
Bed bugs
Bird mites
Bot flies (warbles)
European fire ant
European paper wasp
Fleas
Hackled band weavers
Head lice
Jumping spiders
Mosquitoes
Pubic lice (crabs, crab lice)
Ticks
Tropical rat mites
Widow spiders
Yellowjackets



print version| pdf version| email url    
Caption: Yellowjacket
Photo by: Ken Gray
  
Yellowjackets
(revision date: 4/18/2017)

Use Integrated Pest Management (IPM) for successful pest management.

Biology
Yellowjackets are about 1/2 inch long as workers. They are striped with black and yellow or black and white. They are social wasps with an annual life cycle. Fertilized queens overwinter in protected sites to begin the building of a new colony each spring. The colony declines after new queens and males are produced in late summer or fall. They do not re-use old nests. They are aggressive and will sting when irritated. There are two kinds of colonies--ground nesters and aerial nesters. Ground nesters are both scavengers and predators, hence can be a real nuisance (threat) at picnics. Aerial nesters tend to be less of a nuisance at picnics or barbecues since they are almost exclusively predators. The exception is when they build nests over doorways or in well-trafficked areas. Ground nesters frequently build nests in wall voids or attics and are particularly troublesome as they sometimes chew their way into rooms. Yellowjackets are particularly aggressive in late summer or fall and sometimes sting without being provoked. They are attracted to certain odors and colors.
Management Options

Non-Chemical Management
  • For most successful management, do not allow conditions conducive to nest building or irritation of established nests.
  • Avoid dense shrubbery around the house.
  • Remove stumps or rotting logs near houses.
  • Reduce vent screen size if current size allows entry.
  • Do not wear perfumes or aftershave lotion during peak season.
  • Do not wear clothes that are yellow or have floral patterns.
  • Do not swat at them.
  • Maintain effective, tightly-fitting window and door screens.
  • Lure traps can be placed around the periphery of the area you are trying to keep yellowjackets away from. Adding a protein source such as meat to the traps acts as an attractant and may increase the traps success. Be sure to replace the meat frequently and remove dead yellowjackets from the trap.
Select non-chemical management options as your first choice!

Chemical Management

Products in an aerosol spray can equipped with a spray wand allow for accurate application to outdoor nests from up to 10 feet or more away.

If you choose to use a pesticide, some examples of products that are legal in Washington are listed below. Some products are labeled for just INDOOR or just OUTDOOR use, or may allow both uses. Be sure to choose a product appropriate for your situation. Always read and follow all label directions.
  • Bonide Wasp & Hornet Killer
    Active ingredient: permethrin, tetramethrin, piperonyl butoxide  |  EPA reg no: 4-392
  • Enforcer Wasp & Yellow Jacket Foam V
    Active ingredient: tetramethrin, phenothrin  |  EPA reg no: 40849-4
  • Bonide Stinger Wasp Hornet & Yellow Jacket
    Active ingredient: phenothrin, tetramethrin  |  EPA reg no: 1021-1780-4
  • This list may not include all products registered for this use.
Images

+ Show larger images

 
Caption: Yellowjacket
Photo by: Ken Gray
Caption: Aerial yellowjacket nest. Note the one entrance hole into the nest.
Photo by: M. Bush