WSU Extension

Pestsense

Nuisance
 
Bagworms
Brown marmorated stink bug
Centipedes
Clover mites
Cluster flies
Cockroaches
Firebrats
Fruit flies
Fungus gnats
Giant house spider
Hobo spider
House centipede
House dust mites
House flies
Little house flies
Mice and rats
Millipedes
Moth flies (drain flies)
Multi-colored Asian lady beetle
Odorous house ants
Pavement ants
Pseudoscorpions
Root weevils
Seed bugs
Silverfish
Sowbugs and pillbugs
Spiders (non-biting)
Springtails
Thatching ants
Western boxelder bug



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Caption: Thatching ant worker
Photo by: Roger Akre
  
Thatching ants
(revision date: 3/15/2019)

Use Integrated Pest Management (IPM) for successful pest management.

Biology
Thatching ants are medium to large ants (3/16 – 5/16 inch long). They can be black to red and black. These ants are sometimes called mound ants because some species construct mounds from plant debris like fir needles. Thatching ants sometimes nest in decayed logs and rarely in wall voids of homes. Their normal pest status comes from nesting in landscapes where physical contact becomes inevitable. When their mounds are disrupted by human contact they bite in mass and then spray the area with formic acid to produce a painful sensation. They are fierce predators and should be protected whenever possible. Mating swarms occur in late summer to early fall.
Management Options

Non-Chemical Management
  • Use a wet, soapy sponge to remove ants inside the house.
  • Seal up any entryways.
  • Sanitation is important. Clean up food and water sources including pet food and garbage.
  • Keep vegetation away from structure.
  • Since these ants are indigenous to our soils and nest anywhere they want they can be difficult to manage.
Select non-chemical management options as your first choice!

Chemical Management

Thatching ant nests can go relatively deep in the ground, so nest penetration is quite important and sometimes difficult. Do not apply product to just the nest entry hole as topical applications sometimes incite the remaining ants to simply move their colonies several feet from the surface residue. The entire nest surface and subterranean portion of the nest must be treated. One method is to dig deeply into the nest and stir the contents with a shovel while pouring the recommended amount of pesticide into the nest and surrounding area. Wear protective clothing to avoid bites.

If you choose to use a pesticide, some examples of products that are legal in Washington are listed below. Some products are labeled for just INDOOR or just OUTDOOR use, or may allow both uses. Be sure to choose a product appropriate for your situation. Always read and follow all label directions.
  • Revenge Liquid Ant Bait
    Active ingredient: boric acid  |  EPA reg no: 4-424
  • Ferti-Lome Broad Spectrum Insecticide RTU
    Active ingredient: bifenthrin  |  EPA reg no: 53883-185-7401
  • Orthro Bug B Gon Insect Killer/Lawns and Gardens R-T-Spray
    Active ingredient: Bifenthrin, Zeta-cypermethrin  |  EPA reg no: 279-9535-239
  • This list may not include all products registered for this use.
Images

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Caption: Thatching ant worker
Photo by: Roger Akre